Similar Questions

  • Answer: Radio Frequency planning
  • Answer: This may be Dept of Transportation planning. This ensures compliance to DOT rules and regulations on state and federal level.
  • Answer: a tool for planning events and any incident that occurs during the event
  • Answer: Objectves are statement of aims or goals to be achieved.
  • Answer:
    WHAT IS PRODUCTION
    PLANNING?


    Production planning is simply a group of processes that start in market and ends in market in a cycle manner.



    MARKET
    Planning for future in most manufacturing cases depends on past history (MARKET).
    First step of planning is to forecast the demand for future. If the demand for future is known, every thing in the factory can be adjusted to reach the demand.
    Demand forecasting is the (MARKET) state in the last recent period represented by data, then the data is plotted and appropriate forecasting method is applied according to it.


    SOME FORECASTING METHODS:FORECASTING METHODPAST DATA SHAPEMOVING AVERAGE
    ORSTATIONARYEXPONENTIAL SMOOTHINGDOUBLE EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHINGTRENDSEASONAL FACTORSSEASONAL

    PLAN
    After demand forecasting, the objective ( plan aim ) is to meet that demand with minimum costs ( holding, order and penalty).


    Definition of costs:DEFINITIONCOSTCOST OF HAVING EXTRA RAW MATERIALS OR PRODUCTSHOLDING COSTCOST OF MAKING AN ORDERORDER COSTCOST OF HAVING LESS RAW MATERIALS OR PRODUCTS THAN THE NEEDEDPENALTY COST

    To get the minimum costs, EOQ and EPQ have to be founded.

    EPQEOQTHE OPTIMAL QUANTITY OF PRODUCTIONS TO GET MINIMUM COSTSTHE OPTIMAL QUANTITY OF RAW MATERIAL TO GET MINIMUM COSTS

    INVENTORIES
    Factories usually have three types of inventories: raw material, work in process and fish product inventory. The optimal plan has to be applied to all inventories.
    RAW MATERIAL INVENTORY
    According to the conditions of raw material inventory, appropriate EOQ model is applied, and the same thing for finish product inventory. For work in process inventory aggregate planning can find the optimal plan.


    SOME EOQ MODELS:VARIABLES DEFINITIONMODELCONDITIONSK: fixed order cost
    : demand rate / time unit
    h: holding cost/ unitEOQ =GENERAL MODEL: average total cost
    : area taken by raw material
    : EOQ
    W: total inventory areaNONLINEAR MODEL:
    min
    s.t.


    MUTIPLE RAW MATERIALS AND LIMTD AREADi: demand in period i
    Ii: inventory carried during period i
    Qi: order size in period i
    Ki : order setup cost
    h: holding cost/ unit
    M: big number
    10* max demandLINEAR MODEL:

    Min
    s.t.






    FIXED ORDER COST IS GREATER THAN INVENTORY HOLDING COST + LARGE INVENTORY AREA discount model
    ( PROCESS )OFFER ON RAW MATERIAL


    WORK IN PROCESS INVENTORY
    Applying aggregate planning model, gives the optimal solution for this inventory.
    Min
    s.t.




    Where
    : cost of hiring one worker
    : cost of lay off
    : cost of holding one unit for one period

    : cost of production one unit on overtime
    : Idle cost per unit

    : number of production day per t
    K: number of aggregate unit produced by one worker in one day
    : Initial inventory at the start of T
    : Initial number of worker
    : forecasted demand
    FINISH PRODUCT INVENTORY
    The general model:
    EPQ =
    Where:
    K: fixed order cost
    : demand rate / time unit
    h: holding cost/ unit
    p: production rate/unit


    MARKET
    After taking data form market, optimal plan (MINIMUM COSTS) for inventories is made and applied, the products are taken to the market. That is simply what does production planning mean.
  • Answer: yes he is real his a man born in the early 1800 or 1900s
  • Answer: 1. its dependent on correctness of information.

    2. limits the flexibility of course of action.

    3. consumes lots of resources time and money.

    4. often complained of curbing the human creativity
  • Answer: micro=small planning= setting you and or others for the future
  • Answer: There are a great many advantages of planning including beingprepared. You will feel more calm when you know what to expect.
  • Answer: This question is just silly! Planning is a good way to jot down your ideas. Sometimes, you might make a mistake and you will have to start again, but if you plan anything, you can go back to it and copy it out on to a different sheet of paper...Really silly question, and that is coming from a 10 year old...(me)
  • Answer: Situational planning is being prepared for events based on specificcircumstances. It ensures that should something occur, everyonewill be ready.
  • Answer: expel them from the team.everyone knows that except little kids.
  • Answer: For any organization, strat planning is an organized effort to predict the future environment of the organization, and begin preparing now to succeed and survive in that future.
    Broad, long-term plans are expanded into a sequence of short term operations, projects, and budgets.
    __________________________________________________________

    • Systematic process of envisioning a desired future, and translating this vision into broadly defined goals or objectives and a sequence of steps to achieve them.
    • In contrast to long-term planning (which begins with the current status and lays down a path to meet estimated future needs), strategic planning begins with the desired-end and works backward to the current status. At every stage of long-range planning the planner asks, "What must be done here to reach the next (higher) stage?" At every stage of strategic-planning the planner asks, "What must be done at the previous (lower) stage to reach here?" Also, in contrast to tactical planning (which focuses at achieving narrowly defined interim objectives with predetermined means), ...
    • refer to link below for more details.
    Strategic planning means making a plan with a strategy in mind andthen making decisions that will pursue the strategy.

What are the importance of planning in urban planning?

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