Answer: Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of death and smoking is a large risk factor for it so smokers with atherosclerosis are at high risk. Some will get lucky and live for decades and some have died in the time it took me to type this response.
Answer: There are no cures for atherosclerosis. There are only treatments for it currently and preventative measures you can take to help minimize your risk from the complications that come from atherosclerosis (i.e heart attack and stroke to name a few). Treatments include expensive medicines, or surgery like an angioplasty which may require the need for stents to physically open the artery wider, or even bipass operations.
Answer: Atherosclerosis predisposes a person to many different types ofdisease such as coronary artery disease, peripeheral arterialdisease, mesenteric ischemia, and ischemic stroke to name some ofthe heavy hitters. These are all dangerous diseases that can belethal.
Answer: Arteriosclerosis is any hardening (stiffening) of artery walls. One of the ways this can happen is through atherosclerosis, which is when an atheroma (a build-up of dead RBCs, fibres and platelets) begins to accumulate within an artery wall and may stick out into the lumen or even break through the endothelium. This makes the artery less flexible.
So someone with arteriosclerosis does not necessarily have atherosclerosis, but someone with atherosclerosis must have arteriosclerosis, as their arteries have hardened.
Answer: Atherosclerosis is not prevented by alcoholism. Heavy drinking is a well-known cause. However, constant drinking (as opposed to binge drinking) does not seem to cause it to develop as rapidly.
Studies in Finland have shown that people who drink large quantities of alcohol (a bottle of vodka) and then remain relatively abstinent for a period of time (binge drinkers), seem to develop atherosclerosis more rapidly. Binge drinking of beer shows even more of an association with atherosclerosis. Constant drinkers seem to develop it more slowly.
A reasonable hypothesis would be that this is related to the shock the liver receives from having suddenly to deal with large quantities of alcohol, but that requires further study.
Answer: 1. damage to the endothelium due to hypertension creating turbulent blood flow (fatty Streak)2. Oxidised LDL moves in 3. Foam cells move in. these include macrophages which act to consume the LDL 4. Cytokines released by macrophages result in smooth muscle proliferation 5. Formation of a fibrous cap You can then get rupture of the plaque and then this causes hear attacks.
Answer: Atherosclerosis is a kind of disease in which plaque starts to build up on the insides of your arteries. Arteries are the blood vessels which mainly carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. The Plaque contains mostly fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque gets hard and narrows your arteries. The flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body will start to reduce. This can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death.