Answer: Although the March of Dimes campaign resulted in vaccination of the masses, I can find no evidence to support that it was mandated by law in the 1950s and 60s. Currently there is discussion of mandating its use by law in countries in which poliomyelitis still occurs.
Answer: The first ever polio vaccine was developed by Dr Jonas Salk at the University of Pittsburgh in the early 1950s. It was a killed vaccine that was tested in clinical trials in 1954 and ultimately gained government approval by 1955 for use on the common public.There is also another polio vaccine that was developed by Dr Albert Sabin. This vaccine was a live version of the polio virus and is taken orally. It was approved for use in the general public in 1963.
Answer: The first polio vaccine was created in 1952 by Jonas Salk at the University of Pittsburgh. It required years of practice and tweaking to get the vaccine to the point of effectiveness it has today.