Answer: Illness or disease may stem from many different causes. The most important causes are baterial or viral infections, caused by the presence of harmful microorganisms in your body. Other causes are allergens, substances that are recognized by your body to be harmful and illicit an immune-respons, or diseases may be genetic.
Answer: A "Physical Illness" is any type of illness that effects the body such as a virus, rash, bacterial infection etc. As opposed to a mental illness that has to do with an illness effecting mental capacity or processing.
Answer: If a person is severely ill it is seen as they are impure or "poisoned" this does not mean that they will not be cared for but generally it is taboo to enter a temple or shrine if you are injured or sick since you are bringing impurity into their sacred place. Severe illness will be typically treated by a local physician and Buddhist priest who will cleanse the sufferer of the impure spiritual affliction
Answer: Most (if not all) mental illnesses are caused by chemical imbalances in, or injuries to, the brain. Science is learning more and more about the specific causes, and diagnoses are improving.
However, because mental "illness" is usually measured in relation to a standard considered normal, and because definitions of normal can vary, defining it clearly becomes difficult. What is normal behavior for one segment of the population might seem quite abnormal to another*. As the actual physical diagnostics improve, definition will improve accordingly.
*For example, in some parts of the world, eating insects is considered normal, but it might raise eyebrows in Central Park.
Answer: Diabetes is a physical condition because it is the result of malfunctioning of the pancreas, an organ found in the abdomen that secretes insulin when high glucose levels are present in the blood, insulin is a hormone (chemical messenger) that simulates the liver to turn glucose into glycogen, thus regulating the blood glucose level. The brain is not involved, however abnormal glucose levels, too high or too low, can effect the brain.
Answer: A physical illness is real. Even if we include in this definition mental illnesses such as depression or schizophrenia, they are just as real as influenza or cancers.
A spiritual illness can not be defined by science. Someone may tell you that you have a spiritual illness, but can not objectively prove the existence of any such illness. He may mean a lack of faith or moral failings, or he may mean a mental illness, but mental illnesses are properly outside the domain of religion.
Answer: It depends on the illness. Some diseases can cause brain damage, which can result in mental illness. Others can cause physical and/or emotional trauma for the person who is ill, and the experience can result in mental illness.
Answer: We would say yes, but you would be well-advised to consult a lawyer. Most attorneys will give you a short consultation for free. Be sure to take as much information as possible, not just your oral description. They will want to know that you can prove your case.
Answer: Because both nicotine and caffeine are stimulants - they would give a false reading on an EEG machine. Abstaining from smoking and drinking coffee for 24 hours before the test, would give a more accurate trace.
Answer: You should go to your doctor and let him give you a prescription and some medicine. Stay warm and eat warm soup or anything that is easy to digest. Drink alot of fluids and Vitamin C, such as oranges or fresh squeezed orange juice. If your illness is MUCH serious, go to the hospital. (Serious as is phenomia or the high fever etc.) Feel better!