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  • Answer: The hepatic portal system basically consists of the hepatic portal artery, responsible for taking the products of digestion from the small intestine to the liver, where they are broken down further, cleaned of any microbes, and sent to all the body cells via the hepatic portal vein.
  • Answer: PB can assist in a hepatic coma pt by reducing involuntary tremors.
  • Answer: In human anatomy, the hepatic portal system is the system of veins comprising the hepatic portal vein and its tributaries.
  • Answer: The hepatic flexure lies in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen.
  • Answer: Also called "fatty liver," diffuse hepatic steatosis is a conditionwhere fat is stored in the liver due to an accumulation of lipidslike triglycerides. The main cause is diminished metabolism offatty acids caused by the impairment of certain enzymes andreceptors, insulin resistance, or the overconsumption of alcohol.
  • Answer: The first-pass hepatic metabolism of a number of important therapeutic agents is inconsistent with traditional models that assume that the hepatic extraction ratio of a drug is constant in each individual (independent of the concentration of drug in the hepatic sinusoidal blood and also independent of the history of exposure to the drug). In this review, the authors examine the first-pass metabolism of five "problematic drugs" (propranolol, lidocaine, propafenone, verapamil, and nitroglycerin).Each of these compounds has unique facets to its hepatic clearance and pharmacokinetics as well as striking similarities. Selected aspects of first-pass metabolism are reviewed, and a theory that may explain some of the unusual behavior of the four lipophilic bases (propranolol, lidocaine, propafenone, and verapamil) is presented.Finally, the unusual and variable clearance of nitroglycerin is discussed.D Lalka, RK Griffith, and CL Cronenberger
  • Answer: Hepatic cells are the workhorse cells of the liver - they work to biotransform toxic substances into hopefully less toxic and more secretable substances (so that they can be eliminated from the body through the feces or urine). The liver cells also build and release a variety of very important proteins into the blood stream, including albumin and several clotting proteins.
  • Answer: They form part of sinusoid wall of the liver, and remove debris such as bacteria and worn out blood cells from the blood as it flows past. Also kown as Kupffer Cells
  • Answer: A portal triad is comprised of a hepatic artery, a hepatic portal vein and a bile duct. There is also a nerve that accompanies each triad.
  • Answer: the effect after 1st pass effect which is undergone by beta glucoronidase enzyme in small intestine .
  • Answer: The Hepatic Function Panel is a group of clinical laboratory blood tests used for the evaluation of a patient with symptoms of liver disease or injury. It includes diagnosis and quantitative assessment of the disease and monitoring the effects of certain medications on the liver. The tests contained in the Hepatic Function Panel are designed to measure multiple aspects of hepatocyte function, including biliary conjugation and excretion, hepatocellular metabolism, and protein synthesis.

    The Hepatic Function Panel consists of the following tests:
    • Albumin
    • Bilirubin; total
    • Bilirubin; direct
    • Phosphatase; alkaline
    • Protein, total
    • Transferase; alanine amino (ALT)(SGPT)
    • Transferase; aspartate amino (AST)(SGOT)

    Once a diagnosis is established, one or several specific tests are usually adequate for monitoring the course of the disease and its resolution.
  • Answer: marijuana helps with chemotherapy, it helps with naseau and pain. but the best part about it is it prevents cancer cells from spreading.

What is hepatic encephalopathy?

  • Hepatic encephalopathy (sometimeshepatoencephalopathy) is a potentially-reversibleneuropsychiatric abnormality in the setting of liver failure,whether chronic (as in cirrhosis), or acutely. It can be diagnosedonly after exclusion of other neurological, psychiatric,infectious, and metabolic etiologies.
    Encephalopathy literally translated means "disease of the brain".In some cases it refers to permanent and irreversible brain damageor injury. In other cases it can refer to a condition of the brainthat is totally reversible and curable.

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  • Answer: Hepatic encephalopathy (sometimeshepatoencephalopathy) is a potentially-reversibleneuropsychiatric abnormality in the setting of liver failure,whether chronic (as in cirrhosis), or acutely. It can be diagnosedonly after exclusion of other neurological, psychiatric,infectious, and metabolic etiologies.
    Encephalopathy literally translated means "disease of the brain".In some cases it refers to permanent and irreversible brain damageor injury. In other cases it can refer to a condition of the brainthat is totally reversible and curable.
  • Answer: A pt with Hepatic encephaopathy can not digest ammonia.Therefore give lactulose to aid in the process
  • Answer: Hepatic encephalopathy is a liver disorder. Liver is responsible for excreting excess proteins (CHON) in our body. Ammonia is a by-product of protein. If liver is damaged, ammonia levels will go up and will circulate in our blood (condition called hyperammonemia). This is why patients with liver disease are restricted with protein rich foods.
  • Answer: Hepatic Jaundice is caused by the livers inability to soak up and filter Billirubin from the blood stream. Its is primarily caused by damaged liver cells and can be associated with Cirrhosis, Hepatitis or Cancer. Post Hepatic Jaundice is caused by the livers inability to excrete billirubin into gall bladder via the common biliary duct. The livers inability to excrete billirubin causes it to build up in the liver and result in post hepatic jaundice. Common causes of the inability to excrete through the biliary duct include Gall Stones or a severely inflamed Gall Bladder.
  • Answer: The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (BSE, CWD, kuru, etc.) are not viruses - they are infectious mis-folded proteins called prions.
  • Answer: Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy, also known as perinatal asphyxia,is acute brain injury due to asphyxia. It is often caused bysystemic hypoxemia or reduced cerebral blood flow.
  • Answer: In layman terms, acute renal failure is generally caused by something that is obstructing the flow of the urine, if the urine can not get out toxins and waste that are filtered out in the kidneys can go into the blood and spinal fluid going to the brain and can cause encephalopathy.
  • Answer: mermaid soupfish tales are good dipped in guacamoli@ROFLAMO
  • Answer: coma that occurs with advanced hepatic insufficiency and portal-systemic shunts, caused by elevated blood ammonia levels; characteristic findings include asterixis in the precoma stage and paroxysms of bilaterally synchronous triphasic waves on EEG examination.
  • Answer: The central part of the liver, where common hepatic duct, hepatic artery and portal vein enter into the liver is called Hepatic hilum or porta hepatis. It is also the most common site of cholangiocarcinoma or Klatskin Tumour of bile duct.
  • Answer: The hepatic (portal) system refers to the blood vessels that carry blood from the intestines, stomach, pancreas and spleen to the liver.

    Blood containing nutrients or drugs absorbed from the intestine is transported by the hepatic portal system to the liver for metabolism before distribution to the rest of the body.
  • Answer: The liver is the main organ of the hepatic system. The liver weighsapproximately 3 pounds and is responsible for breaking down andremoving toxins from the human body.
  • Answer: I do not know!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  • Answer: A measure of how well the liver tissue reflects the wave used in creating an image (CT/MRI/Ultrasound etc).