Similar Questions

  • Answer: Emphysema is caused when a smoker coughs a lot because ofirritation. So when they keep coughing their alveoli gets damagedand the surface area of the alveoli reduces.
  • Answer: You can die and if you survive you will live of a oxygen machine
  • Answer: Emphysema is not a contagious disease, so it is not spread between people. It is caused by the degeneration and destruction of the alveoli and bronchioles deep in the lungs, usually by smoking although severe asthma or pneumonia can cause this as well.
  • Answer: Emphysema is caused by smoking.
  • Answer: dying. Lung cancer lung disease.
  • Answer: Difficulty with breathing and talkingType your answer here...
  • Answer: I have just been diagnosed with pulmonary emphysema and want to know what it is exactly.
  • Answer: Not if you die of something else.
  • Answer: Emphysema is a condition where there are little holes in the air sacs in the lungs. It is usually caused by excessive smoking.
  • Answer: Alveoli enlarge as adjacent chambers break through. Airways collapse during expiration. Patients use a large amount of energy to exhale.
  • Answer: breathing
  • Answer: 2 out of 1000 people have it
  • Answer: Emphysema is a disease of the lung tissue caused by destruction of structures feeding the alveoli, in some cases owing to the consequences of alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency. Smoking is one major cause of this destruction, which results in the collapse of small airways in the lungs during forced exhalation. As a result, airflow is impeded and air becomes trapped, just as in other obstructive lung diseases. Symptoms include shortness of breath ("dyspnea") on exertion and an expanded chest.
    People with this disease do not get enough oxygen and suffer a buildup of carbon dioxide in their blood, which generates dyspnea. At first, when emphysema is mild, dyspnea occurs only during physical activity. Eventually, as the disease progresses, dyspnea will occur after even small amounts of physical exertion. On the other hand, if the lungs are compromised badly enough, the victim may feel short of breath all the time - even when at rest, relaxing. Because breathing is more difficult, the person must use accessory muscles to help them breathe; the increased work of breathing, use of additional muscles, and blood gas abnormalities then combine to cause "tachypnea" (rapid breathing), which may continue in a vicious cycle. Individuals with severe emphysema eventually may have trouble coughing and decreased amounts of sputum. They may also lose weight.
    The anteroposterior diameter of their chest may increase; this sign is sometimes referred as "barrel chest." They may lean forward with arms extended and/or resting on something to help them breathe ("orthopneic breathing").
    When lung auscultation and chest percussion is performed a hyperresonant sound is heard.
    The person may also exhibit symptoms of hypoxia-induced cyanosis, or the appearance of a blue-to-purplish discoloration of the skin, because of increased levels of deoxyhemoglobin in the blood.

How can you prevent emphysema?

  • The best way is to reduce smoking as smokers chances to get emphysema is much higher than the non-smokers. However, in certain people, it is due to genetic reason (ie: alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency) which means not much thing can be done to prevent it but some intervention is still possible to reduce the symptoms.

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