Answer: anaemia is caused by the lack of Iron in blood. in females it is 12-16 and males it is 14-18. signs of tireness, pain in muscles, sleepiness, yellowing skin specialy inside eyes and skin of palms may point to anemia. a regular blood test will always help u; its not expensive either. for anaemic people, its a must that they eat apples, beetroot, spinach, tomatoes daily. atleast one beetroot and pomgrenate is necessary, even for healthy people. spinach, green leafy vegetables, a healthy diet will help in increasing Hb. u can get a pill prescribed by a doctor too.
Answer: RBCs contain HbS and with oxygen are flexible discs. When O2 is low, RBCs sickle or become elongated and rigid. As that blood circulates the body may have decreased oxygen levels. The RBCs (or erythrocytes) are unable to pass easily through small arteries so the cell membrane is damaged and tissue damage and multiple infarctions occur.
Answer: Dialysis is the line of treatment most common. There are many different forms that are worth investigating such as peritoneal dialysis. Other illnesses or co-morbidities that are often associated or caused by kidney disease such as alterations in blood pressure and anaemia are treated accordingly.
Answer: Kidneys filter poison from your blood. If enough poison builds up in your blood, you die. People die from kidney failure. Some people would rather die from old age than kidney failure than old age. Others do not care so they let their weight and blood pressure get out of control. With high blood pressure from obesity their kidneys stop working and they die of kidney failure. Some people eat a lot of sugar. They get diabetes as a result. That also causes kidney failure. Some people get kidney failure from disease. A few of those people with kidney failure do not want to die from kidney failure but wants to die from old age. Kidney dialyses can remove poisons from the blood. It is expensive. It eventually stops working. The patient dies. The only way the patient can die from old age is a transplant.
Why do you think anyone would resort to a transplant?
Answer: Yes, patients with chronic kidney disease can be anemic. It is thought that decreased levels of erythropoietin from the diseased kidney result in lower hemoglobin and hematocrit. Specifically, from NHANES: the prevalence of anemia was 1% in patients with eGFR of 60 mL/min (higher is better for estimation of kidney function), patients with eGFR of 30 mL/min had a prevalence of 9%, and eGFR of 15 mL/min had up to 67%. Other causes of anemia should be worked ruled out before you and your primary care physician pursue increasing or supplementing erythropoietin.
Answer: Erythropoietin is the hormone released by the kidneys to stimulate the bone marrow to produce more RBCs The kidney controls red blood cell levels by secreting the hormone erythropoietin. Patients with failing kidneys often are deficient in this hormone.
Answer: "Whenever possible, an acceptable potassium level (less than 5.5 mEq per L [5.5 mmol per L]) should be obtained before surgery is performed in a patient with chronic kidney disease."Helpful links for detailed follow-up info:http://www.aafp.org/afp/20021015/1471.htmlhttp://www.uabhealth.org/15938/
Answer: anemia is a blood disorder. there are many types all of which are to do with blood. It is treated differently compared to the severeness of it. you can have blood transplants, bone marrow transfusions... yeh