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What is Hippocrates explanation of mental illness?

  • Hippocrates viewed mental illness to be caused by the humors. Mania was understood to be caused by an excess of hot yellow bile, melancholy (or depression) was understood to be caused by an excess of sticky thick black bile, and schizophrenia was understood to be caused by an excess of cold mucous. Unlike earlier tribal or agrarian societies, Hippocrates believed that mental illness had physiological causes. People with mental illness were understood by Hippocrates to be suffering from an illness, rather than having exhibiting symptoms because they were being punished for something they had done or would do.

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  • Answer: Hippocrates viewed mental illness to be caused by the humors. Mania was understood to be caused by an excess of hot yellow bile, melancholy (or depression) was understood to be caused by an excess of sticky thick black bile, and schizophrenia was understood to be caused by an excess of cold mucous. Unlike earlier tribal or agrarian societies, Hippocrates believed that mental illness had physiological causes. People with mental illness were understood by Hippocrates to be suffering from an illness, rather than having exhibiting symptoms because they were being punished for something they had done or would do.
  • Answer: Most (if not all) mental illnesses are caused by chemical imbalances in, or injuries to, the brain. Science is learning more and more about the specific causes, and diagnoses are improving.

    However, because mental "illness" is usually measured in relation to a standard considered normal, and because definitions of normal can vary, defining it clearly becomes difficult. What is normal behavior for one segment of the population might seem quite abnormal to another*. As the actual physical diagnostics improve, definition will improve accordingly.

    *For example, in some parts of the world, eating insects is considered normal, but it might raise eyebrows in Central Park.
  • Answer: Diabetes is a physical condition
    because it is the result of malfunctioning of the pancreas, an organ found in the abdomen that secretes insulin when high glucose levels are present in the blood, insulin is a hormone (chemical messenger) that simulates the liver to turn glucose into glycogen, thus regulating the blood glucose level. The brain is not involved, however abnormal glucose levels, too high or too low, can effect the brain.
  • Answer: Any disorder that is unamanaged, out of control or undiagnosed. Also any behavior that indicates a danger to self or others.
  • Answer: It depends on the illness. Some diseases can cause brain damage, which can result in mental illness. Others can cause physical and/or emotional trauma for the person who is ill, and the experience can result in mental illness.
  • Answer: An organic mental disorder is a dysfunction of the brain that may be permanent or temporary.
  • Answer: Genes, environment, & situation.
  • Answer: drugs, sexual/mental abuse, genetics, environment you live in
  • Answer: The majority of psychological disorders are thought to be caused by a complex combination of biological, genetic (hereditary), familial, and social factors or biopsychosocial influences.
  • Answer: Most, if not all, mental illness (as opposed to emotional disorders) is caused by chemical imbalances in the brain, or by structural anomalies.
  • Answer: Many are caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. Some by traumatic life experiences. Some by a combination of the two.
  • Answer: It is sometimes regarded as a disease, and it can affect the mental status!
  • Answer: Depending on the illness it could be brain surgery a phycologist or just mental will power.
  • Answer: Yes, you tend to go insane having to clear it up all the time.