Answer: The difference between Neuralgia and Neuron are given below:Neuralgia:1. Neuroglias are supporting cells. 2. Nerve cells remain in position due to supporting cells called neuralgia. 3. It forms supporting media for CNS and myelin in nerves devoid of Schwan cells. Neuron:1. Neurons are nerve cells. 2. Neurons work with the help of their processes like axon and Dendron. 3. These are responsible for transmission of impulses by excitability.
Answer: Functionally, neurons or nerve cells are classified into three types, 1. Sensory or afferent neuron- a neuron that carries signals towards brain. 2. Motor or efferent neuron- a neuron that carries signals away from brain. 3. Inter-neuron which is present in gray matter of spinal cord and convert sensory signals into appropriate motor signals during spinal reflex.
Answer: This would depend on what drug you were talking about. Different drugs that target synapses may not target the same part, or may not even target the same type of synapse. For example, drugs like neostigmine target a synapse called the neuromuscular junction and increase binding of the neurotransmitter to itself receptor by preventing the enzyme from breaking the neurotransmitter down. Other drugs though inhibit the synapse instead of increasing activity, same synapse different effects by different drugs. This example is not between neurons as such, but the same principle applies.
How do the neurons work?
Neurons transfer information in form of chemicals called neurotransmitters. But, they carry the signal in electrical form and secrete neurotransmitters themselves.