Answer: Tetox is part of a number of vaccines given to babies. It is repeated every 10 years. If there was an injury which may be tetanus prone (a dirty wound, or a puncture wound) and it had been 5 years since your last shot, It is likely you would be given another to ensure you were covered against tetanus.
Answer: Anti-tetanus serum is also known as tetanus immune globlulin. In the US, commercial brands available include HyperTet and BayTet. Blood from people who have been immunized with tetanus vaccine is processed to get the tetanus antibodies, which is injected to prevent tetanus in an un-immunized person.
Answer: generally a tetanus shot within 8-10 years should be sufficient. depending on how badly you cut your hand, you may want to seek treatment so that the cut can be irrigated and you can be given an antibiotic ointment to prevent other infections.
Answer: The CDC has issued standard recommendations for the anti tetanus vaccine. keep in mind there is a difference between the vaccine (TD) and the immunoglobulin (TIG). If the individual has had 3 or more vaccinations in the past, then you would give the vaccination only if they had not received their last vaccination within the past 10 years (for non tetanus prone wounds) or 5 years (for tetanus prone wounds. he immunoglobulin (TIG) is given only to individuals with tetanus prone wounds who have had less than 3 previous vaccinations (or unknown status). Hope this helps.
Answer: It is not. In fact it is very useful, and full blown tetanus is fairly rarely seen in developed countries.
However one problem with the vaccine is that it requires regular re-vaccination (typically every 10-years or so). People rarely do so, and are thusly rarely protected by the vaccine.
The current vaccine schedule (in the US) is to get three shots (DTaP) in the first year of life (usually 2,4,6 mos), one more shot between ages 12-18 months and one shot before starting kindergarten. The first "booster" is given at age 11-12, and then every 10 years afterward (if you get an injury they will give an early booster if the last was more than 5 yrs ago).
As the previous poster pointed out very few adults continue to get the 10 year boosters. Despite that, we see exceptionally little tetanus in westerners who got the original series of vaccine. For that reason may have questioned whether we really need a booster every ten years throughout adult-hood and the "powers that be" have been discussing scaling back that recommendation for some time. One proposed schedule is to get the shots as above through the 11-12 yr booster and then do something like do another at age 50 and then another at age 65.
To be clear: Everyone agrees that you should be given a booster if you get a deep injury and it has been more than 5 years since your last shot. Also, every major US medical organization still recommends an update very 10 years. They are debating the change but have not yet made it.
In addition: a few years ago they discovered that a lot of nagging coughs that last a few weeks in adults are actually pertussis ("whooping cough" and the "P" in DTaP vaccines given to children). For that reason they added a booster to pertussis to the adult tetanus and it is recommended that people under the age of 65 who have not had a tetanus shot in the last 2 years get the new one, even if not normally due.
The composition of your anti-tetatus serum is the attenuated or "weakened" causitive agent of Tetanus, the bacteria called Clostridium tetani. In contrast with your Tetanus Toxoid, it contains not the bacteria but the toxin produced by the C. tetani, also in weakened form.
Doctor Q.U. Ack,BSB,RMT,MD
Answer: Anti tetanus serum is injected to prevent a person from gettingtetanus. The indications for giving this medication are when apatient has a deep puncture wound or cut, especially with itemswhich are dirty because the bacteria which causes tetanus is knownto be present in dust and soil.
Answer: You give the antitetanus serum because it contains passive antibodies that can immediately start attacking any antigens if present. While that is going on, the body reacts to the toxoids injected into it by producing its own antibodies, this process is slow thus we need the antitetanus serum for immediate protection.
Answer: Either can be given to a 3 year old. The anti tetanus serum should be given if there is reason to believe the child has not been immunized against tetanus before and has been exposed. If the child has been immunized, and there is reason to believe that they have been infected, the toxoid should be administered.
Answer: The best answer I have found relating to the "difference" between toxoid and anti serum or anti toxin revolves more around the reason for application. While both may give the same result, the reason for application of each is quite different.Toxoids are given with a view to preventing or avoiding infection. Anti-toxins and Anti-serums are given in medical emergency when it might otherwise be too late to save a life. So, Toxoid to avoid or Anti-toxin in need of quick fixin!Harvey
Answer: Yes, Tetanus Toxoid does contain Thimerosal (mercury), in mostvaccines. BUT, there are several tetanus vaccines that are free ofmercury. Infanrix, Daptacel, ADACEL and Boostrix have no mercury inthem. Tripedia is manufactured with thimerosal that is graduallydiluted out of the final product. Some older ones still contain upto 25mcg/0.5ml of mercury.