Answer: The prognosis of meningitis varies between the different causative agents. Meningitis is an inflammation of a certain area of the brain, and in some cases, such as meningococcal meningitis, they can kill within 6 hours of the original onset of symptoms.
Answer: Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, which are membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Any virus, bacteria, fungus, or parasites (really, any organism) that can infect the meninges could be a cause of meningitis.
Typically, meningitis is caused by viral infections that will usually get better without treatment. Bacterial causes of meningitis are extraordinarily serious and require immediate emergency medical treatment. Fungal causes of meningitis are much less common among individuals, and are usually seen in immune compromised individuals.
Common viruses that cause meningitis include: viruses from the Herpes family (the ones that cause cold sores, genital herpes, and chicken pox / shingles), viruses that cause the mumps, the West Nile Virus, enteroviruses (like Polio), etc.
Common bacteria that cause meningitis include: Neisseria meningitidis (part of the normal mouth flora of 5-15% of adults), E. coli (normal inhabitant of our digestive tract), Listeria monocytogenes (why mothers are often advised to avoid lunchmeat), strep. pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (which is not what a flu vaccine is for), etc.
Of the bacterial causes, Strep Pneumoniae and Neisseria account for the majority of the cases.
Answer: Although meningitis is a notifiable disease in many countries, the exact incidence rate is unknown. Bacterial meningitis occurs in about 3 people per 100,000 annually in Western countries. Population-wide studies have shown that viral meningitis is more common, at 10.9 per 100,000, and occurs more often in the summer. In Brazil, the rate of bacterial meningitis is higher, at 45.8 per 100,000 annually. Sub-Saharan Africa has been plagued by large epidemics of meningococcal meningitis for over a century, leading to it being labeled the "meningitis belt". Epidemics typically occur in the dry season (December to June), and an epidemic wave can last two to three years, dying out during the intervening rainy seasons. Attack rates of 100-800 cases per 100,000 are encountered in this area, which is poorly served by medical care. These cases are predominantly caused by meningococci. The largest epidemic ever recorded in history swept across the entire region in 1996-1997, causing over 250,000 cases and 25,000 deaths.
Meningococcal disease occurs in epidemics in areas where many people live together for the first time, such as army barracks during mobilization, college campuses and the annual Hajj pilgrimage. Although the pattern of epidemic cycles in Africa is not well understood, several factors have been associated with the development of epidemics in the meningitis belt. They include: medical conditions (immunological susceptibility of the population), demographic conditions (travel and large population displacements), socioeconomic conditions (overcrowding and poor living conditions), climatic conditions (drought and dust storms), and concurrent infections (acute respiratory infections).
Due to the type of question, a full answer was necessary. The source has been taken from Wikipedia.
Answer: Meningitis is a nerve inflammation from various causes. There is arash associated with bacterial meningitis (Neisseriameningitidis) that consists of irregular red or purplespots. But these are not the primary clinical symptom.
Answer: I have kidney and bladder stones. I have had these removed twelve times in the last 6 years. They can tell me they calcium based nitrogen and carbonate. They are still forming. What do I have to do to stop these?
Answer: In general, most vaccines in current use are either of the "killed" or "attenuated" (weakened) type of production. One exception is the oral polio virus, which is a live virus and can cause infection in some susceptible individuals. The possibility of this happening to someone receiving the meningitis vaccine is almost zero, making the risk of active infection from an infected person several orders of magnitude greater than the chance of contracting this, or most diseases, from vaccination.
Answer: I just got home from spending 4 weeks in the intensive care unit at the hospital with spinal meningitis. Any idea how I got this, can I get infected again and what can I do to avoid it? Thanks for any help you can give me.~Denise