Answer: Hickeys are caused by blood leaking out of capillaries when the skin is sucked.You could say that leaking blood is a collection of little clots. They take a week or two to fade. Most boys think girls with hickeys are kind of low.
Answer: The most common cause for a blood clot in the stomach or abdominalregion is hardening of the arteries. The hardening weakens theaortic wall, which increases the blood being pumped through it.This causes weakness of the inner layer allowing a clot to form andget through.
Answer: There are many causes of blood clots, some genetic and some environmental. An environmental cause of DVT is prolonged inactivity. For instance, having to sit in a car or airplane for a long period of time decreases blood flow in the lower legs. Recent studies have shown that 1% of air travelers develop blood clots, usually on long flights of five hours or more. However, one study in 2004 found that air travelers developed clots on flights as short as three hours, though they often dissolved naturally and did not lead to complications. Other environmental causes of blood clots include use of hormone replacement therapy to ease menopausal symptoms, oral contraceptives for birth control, pregnancy, (and a childbirth within the past six weeks), recent surgery or procedures involving use of a central venous access catheter, and cancer. Smoking also is an important and preventable environmental risk for blood clots. Some people are born with a higher risk for blood clots. Hypercoagulation disorders are genetic conditions. Usually the body doesn t produce enough of the proteins involved in the clotting process, so they cannot do their job to stop the clotting; in other cases, people have an extra protein that causes too much clotting. There may be no symptoms of blood clots until they grow so large that they block the flow of blood through the vein. Then, symptoms may develop suddenly around the area and include:
Pain or tenderness in the affected area
Warmth or redness of the skin in the affected area
Sudden swelling in the affected limb
Additional symptoms may indicate serious complications of blood clots such as pulmonary embolism, stroke, and heart attack. If vein swelling or pain are accompanied by high fever or shortness of breath, rapid pulse, or chest pain, or other symptoms that may indicate stroke, heart attack, or pulmonary embolism, it is advised to go to an emergency room immediately.
Answer: Medications that make it difficult for people to remain active and exercise could have an indirect effect on clot formation, but the primary cause is usually a sedentary lifestyle that involves remaining in one place for long periods without moving around, such as bed rest after surgery, confinement for other reasons, long airplane flights, and so forth.
Answer: Recently, I had a clot in my mouth when I bit down on a breakfast bar and hit the upper front tooth with one of my lower teeth. The impact of the hit was severe and felt numb at first. The following day the pain started and swelling soon followed. I had to go to the dentist the following day to find out what the deal was. The dentist treated the area of the tooth for an infection and cleaned the gum line around the tooth after numbing the area. Apparently, I cracked the tooth and in the process, broke a blood vessel, which caused the swelling and discomfort. Thank goodness there was no infection, but to be on the safe side, I will continue the antibiotics. Since this occurred the roof of my mouth had a blister like swelling that was lanced to releive the pressure and build up of blood. Everything is fine and it reminded me how important it is to see my dentist on a regular schedule. The blood clots are usually caused from a blunt trama to the teeth or gums. Possibly a reaction to metal, plastic, or a foreign body imbedded in the gums or tissue, but to be on the safe side, always consult your dentist and follow their instructions. It could be more serious than what happened to me.
Answer: There are the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways in clotting. The intrinsic pathway is initiated when blood comes in contact with damaged endothelium or collagen, and involves clotting factors XII, XI, IX, and VIII. The extrinsic pathway is activated when being exposed to tissue factor from tissue injury or the addition of thromboplastin to blood, and involves clotting factor VII. The two pathways meet at the point of clotting factor X activation to lead the final common pathway. From here, factor X is converted to prothrombin, prothrombin to thrombin, thrombin to fibrinogen, fibrinogen to fibrin, and finally fibrin to fibrin clot. Platelets, activated by thrombin, adhere to the damaged endothelium wall or collagen to form a plug. At the same time, they activate clotting factors VII and X. More platelets are stimulated by fibrin clots, resulting in reinforcing the formed clots.
Answer: Blood thinning drugs are the main treatment. These medications, also called anticoagulants, stop the clot from growing and prevent new clots from forming. Your body will break down and reabsorb any existing clots on its own.
Common blood thinning drugs used to treat are Heparin and Warfarin
Answer: Anytime a person (especially a child) vomits blood, a doctor should be seen right away. Whether the blood clots are caused by an ulcer, tumor or even just a stomach virus, a doctor will be able to offer treatment options.