Answer: The location of DNA and hereditary information largely depends on the type of cell.
If the cell is a eukaryote, meaning it has a nucleus and is usually more complex, DNA is contained in the nucleus, and enzymes there transfer parts of it for uses such as protein synthesis with mRNA going to Ribosomes in the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
If the cell is a prokaryote, meaning it lacks a nucleus and is usually less complex, then the DNA is contained in a circle-like plasmid that forks off to replicate, located in the cytoplasm.
Answer: The Rod-Cell organisms are called Bacillus. A large genus of Gram Positive spore bearing rod like bacteria. They are widely distributed in soil and in the air as spores and feed on organic matter. They are responsible for food spoilage. [Mould]
Answer: In basketball, the point guard runs the offense, telling people where to move and ensuring the ball is passed to the right players. In this sense, it would be most like the nucleus of a cell, directing most activities of the cell.
(All proteins must contain nitrogen. Legumes such as peas and beans are high in protein because they share a mutualistic relationship with Rhizobium bacteria in the soil. The bacteria give the plant nitrogen in the form of nitrate ions in exchange for glucose from the root nodules.)