Answer: This depends on the type of media, whether it is advertising, news, entertainment, etc. Advertising will only cause an increase in the use of socially acceptable drugs. News on the other hand typically shows the negative side of all types of drugs, assuming they have a non-biased viewpoint. Entertainment can have varying effects, based on what the target age group and kind of show it may be. Alltogether though, media does not tend to cause any type of increase or decrease in the use of drugs, but if you need to be specific, it does show a slight increase.
Answer: yes generic prescription drugs are equal to brand. Brand is patented by a company first.Their patent is good from 10-15 years. Once the patent runs out other companies make the same drug with same ingredients. It is copied and made cheaper. They are the same ingredients and do the same job. Although active ingredients are the same in both brand and generic, the binders or fillers as well as the dyes may differ. This is why some people may have a sensitivity to one and not the other.
It is also important to note that the amount of drug which makes it into the bloodstream (bioavailability) can vary significantly for generic drugs; the bioavailability of generics is required to be within 20% of the branded drug, meaning it can be 20% lower to 20% higher. This can make a significant difference for drugs which are very dose-dependent. Also the amount of active ingredient in the generic only needs to be within 7% of the branded drug. All in all the generic might end up quite a bit less or more potent than the branded drug.
I understand that some companies who patent brand will also later make the generic available as well. Brands and generic will have the same active ingredients however the binding ingredients may differ. It is good to keep in mind that although the ingredients and stated potencies may be the same for both brand and generic meds, other characteristics may cause them to differ in the body. The best example involves sustained-release products. Because different manufacturers may use different technologies to delay the absorption of the med, the actual levels in the body may vary from one company to another. Some medications with a narrow margin of safety may also have slightly different actions in the body. For this reason, some states have enacted "negative formularies" where certain drug clases cannot be interchanged. These include sustained-release products, hormonal meds, thyroid meds, and inhalers.
Nearly all generic drugs are considered equivalent or equal to their brand name equivalent, meaning they achieve the same blood levels of the active ingredient(s) in your body and therefore the same therapeutic effect. Older doctors and patients may not believe this, as 50 years ago there were no stringent tests or regulations in place to guarantee the equivalence and safety of brand and generic drugs. The word "generic" simply means "no longer covered by patent", meaning that any company may make the drug as long as it passes the same stringent manufacturing tests and FDA equivalence tests. Generic drugs are NOT "weaker" copycats of the original. Approximately 50% or more of generic drugs are manufactured by "brand name" drug companies in the same types of facilities as the original brand name product. Many brand name drug companies own or operate their own "generic" drug companies, in order to maximize profits. Beware of any drug imported into the USA, as other countries do not necessarily have the same manufacturing standards, and fake drugs do exist and have been purchased unknowingly over the Internet. Brand and generic names may differ in other countries, so do your research carefully. Most pharmacists laugh (inside) at customers who insist on spending more money on expensive brand name drugs. However, there are probably rare customers (less than 2%) who may get slightly different effects from the products of different manufacturers, due to the presence of inactive ingredients (binders, dyes, fillers, etc.) and how their digestive system works. It is also wise to stick with a single manufacturer (either the original manufacturer or a single generic manufacturer) for certain "narrow therapeutic index" drugs, where even slight variances in blood levels may be critically important. These drugs include Coumadin (warfarin), Lanoxin (digoxin), and others. If you constantly switch brands or generics while taking such drugs, it is wise to have a doctor check your blood levels periodically, as FDA testing (even for brand name) allow for a small percentage variation in achieved blood levels (approximately 5 to 10%) of a drug.
Answer: Concurrent use of psychotropic drugs and illegal drugs will put the user at a higher risk of having unprotected sex with multiple partners. Or not, just depends. At the very least the user will experience a sense of heightened arousal.
Answer: Yes, the medication that you can buy over the counter are in smaller doses. This is to prevent people from overdosing and using strong painkillers when they may not need them. If stronger medications are required they should be prescribed by your GP.
Answer: For things ive learned, recently in school, the chemicals will stay as long as they do in the mother, but the baby can be effected more dramatically and chances are, that the baby will be born with disorders/birth defects and that the drug might last a bit longer in certain occastions.
Answer: In terms of the number of different drugs that are available, there are vastly more legal drugs than illegal drugs. I would also say that legal drugs are used more frequently and by more people than illegal drugs are.
Answer: The misuse is using certain drugs for something they are not needed for. Like taking an antibiotic for a headache. The abuse of drugs is just taking any or every type of drug just to get a high.
Answer: Yes, generic drugs are the same chemical as a brand name medication. An example is Clonazepam, the generic name of Klonopin. Both are the same things. Generic medications are cheaper than brand names because you are not paying for the advertising that the name has contributed to.
Answer: Im sure there are several. In all my collecting of partially useless information I have found that dubya dubya dubya dot EROWID dot org is an amazing drug resource that spans pharmaseuticals to all naturally occurring intoxicants. Specifically I would think any amphetamine, of which there are many, would show up. Dexedrine is the first to come to mind, or adderall....There are many drugs prescribed for ADD, ADHD, AADD, and other impulse controll behaviors and possibly for things like epilepsy. Its not concrete, but I hope it helped.
Answer: Bioavailability is used to describe the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, so we need chemically stable drug in order to increase the chance of drug absorbance and thus increased bioavailability.
Answer: Prescription drugs have an upside of having the highest quality control and can often be bought cheaper than their street analogs. The problem is that when a drug such as Oxycontin becomes highly popular on the street there will be a larger consumer(addict)base which includes people who had their first exposure to opiates in this form. If all of the sudden the FDA and law enforcement crack down on the pills there are all of the sudden hoards of junkies looking for anything to give them that fix. As addicts turned to heroin, overdoses run rampant.
Answer: It would probably be legal to send them (i.e. you would not be guilty of smuggling), however, they would not be considered legitimately obtained in the US and so possessing them without a legitimate US prescription would not be legal.