Yes! If one had pre-existing conditions of a respiratory nature. It is also possible for one to indirectly have say a fatal vehicular while coughing or choking and losing control of an automobile, for example. (this is anlaogy to an accident caused by somehone having a stroke or heart attack at the wheel) it can happen and indireclty the coughing could be a causal angle. Another answer Whooping cough kills plenty.